The benefits and harms of coffee

While the globe celebrates International Coffee Day on October 1st per annum, coffee remains a milestone within the history of the many people on earth.


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History of coffee

The history of coffee dates back to the tenth century and possibly earlier, in keeping with variety of reports and legends associated with the primary people to use it.

It is believed that the initial home of coffee was from Ethiopia, and also the oldest evidence of coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee is from the fifteenth century within the Sufi monasteries in Yemen.

By the sixteenth century it reached the remainder of the center East, southern India, Persia, Turkey, the Horn of Africa and geographical region, then coffee spread to the Balkans, Italy and also the remainder of Europe to geographic region and so to the u.  s. of America.

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There are many mythical accounts of the origin of coffee. one in every of these accounts is said to the Yemeni mystic Ghathul Akbar Nur al-Din Abi al-Hasan al-Shazly, when he traveled to Ethiopia.

The legend says that he noticed that birds enjoy a rare vitality when eating berries and witness the identical vitality, hence their discovery. 

Another account relates to Kaldi, a ninth-century Ethiopian goat-herder, who noticed the consequences of activity on his flock when his flock removed bright red berries from some bushes and chewed the identical fruit. Delight led him to bring the berries to a monk during a nearby monastery.

But the monk refused to use it, so that they put it on the fireplace, and it came out with an exciting aroma that surprised the opposite monks, and also the roasted coffee beans were quickly crushed in embers, and put in quandary, leading to the primary cup of coffee within the world.

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Coffee reached southern Arabia, and its cultivation began in Yemen, and by the sixteenth century, it became known in Persia, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey, and shortly spread in Europe, but the clergy condemned this drink when it arrived in Venice in 1615.

Until it absolutely was approved by Pope Clement after he tasted it, then coffee began to spread, through the establishment of cafes in England, Austria, France, and Germany, and have become a main drink at breakfast.

And competition began to grow coffee due to its popularity, and also the Dutch were ready to get seedlings of coffee within the latter 1/2 the seventeenth century, and that they had an enormous and growing trade.

The Ethiopian coffee is that the original origin of the coffee-making culture, because it was discovered therein region within the ninth century, and therefore the population depends on the cultivation of coffee, as nearly 12 million people participate in its cultivation.

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Coffee is additionally a necessary a part of Ethiopian culture, because it has appeared in many expressions that discuss life, people and food, and evidence of this is often the foremost common Ethiopian coffee, called "Buna Dabo Nau" and means "coffee is our bread", which implies that coffee is that the source the most source of livelihood for the Ethiopians, which it plays a serious role in their diet.

Five countries are on the throne of coffee production, although the history of coffee itself failed to mention any of those countries during which the tree appeared, but it now possesses the biggest production within the world of coffee.

At the highest of those countries comes Brazil, which produces about 3.165 million tons, followed by Vietnam in second place with a production of 1.770 million tons, then Colombia, whose production is estimated at 840 thousand tons, then Indonesia, which produces about 654.12 thousand tons, and eventually Honduras, whose production is estimated About 462 thousand tons annually.

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Types of coffee


Heavy black Italian coffee that features a bitter taste as no sugar is added thereto. it's prepared by boiling the coffee with a touch water, and it is diluted with an extra amount of water, milk or vanilla flavor.


cappuccino coffee:

Cappuccino is one in all the foremost common forms of coffee, and cappuccino is ready by mixing equal amounts of espresso coffee with concentrated milk, and it's possible to feature many flavors to that like the flavour of hazelnut, almond and vanilla, and what distinguishes the cappuccino is to place a layer of cream and foam thereon.

 American coffee:

This coffee is ready employing a special machine, and filters are wont to java, and American coffee is diluted with water or milk. this sort of coffee is taken into account a daily routine in America, where it's consumed in abundance.

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Café latte:

This coffee is served altogether cafes, and is ready by mixing an amount of espresso with an oversized amount of milk, and covered with a layer of milk foam.

Mocha coffee:

This coffee is ready by mixing latte coffee with sauce, with the addition of chocolate on top of the coffee.

Arabic coffee:

It is considered one among the oldest forms of coffee, and it's prepared from well-roasted coffee beans, and it's ground and boiled with cardamom and saffron, and it's served once without sugar, in special small cups, and it's one in every of the origins of hospitality in most Arab countries.

Turkish coffee:

This coffee is served in Turkish cafes and in Arab countries, and coffee has spread in many European countries like Greece and Armenia.

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The best coffee in the world

Jamaican Blue Mountain:

This Caribbean product is widely exported to Japan, includes a lovely strong taste, and delivers a robust dose of caffeine to stay you awake for hours.

Turkish coffee:

It should be a brand in every corner of the Turkish Empire, from preparation to serving java has its own character, good java should be made in a very copper pot (a small pot accustomed boil coffee) to confirm the wonderful taste and quality of the coffee.

Colombian coffee:

Colombian coffee features a good reputation within the coffee industry, this is often the third largest kind of coffee production within the world, this coffee will provide you with an honest dose of caffeine.

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The benefits of coffee

Coffee enhances your physical performance:

Drink a cup of black coffee about an hour before your workout and your performance can improve by 11-12%.

Coffee may facilitate your lose weight:

Coffee contains magnesium and potassium, which help the form use insulin and regulate blood glucose levels.

Coffee helps you burn fat:

Caffeine helps fat cells break down body fat and use it as training fuel.

Coffee helps you focus and stay alert:

Moderate caffeine intake, 1-6 cups per day, helps focus and improve mental alertness.

Coffee reduces the danger of death:

Studies have shown that coffee drinkers have a 25% lower risk of early death than those that don't drink coffee.

Coffee reduces the danger of cancer:

One study showed that coffee may reduce the danger of prostatic adenocarcinoma in men by 20%, and endometrial carcinoma in women by 25%.

Coffee reduces the chance of stroke:

Reasonable consumption of coffee (2-4 cups per day) is related to a lower risk of stroke.

Coffee protects your brain:

High levels of caffeine within the blood reduce the chance of presenile dementia. It also reduces the danger of dementia.

Coffee helps fight depression and reduces the chance of suicide:

Caffeine stimulates the central system and boosts the assembly of neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine, which improve your mood.

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coffee side effects

Effect on heart rate:

Consuming the equivalent of three cups of coffee per day negatively affects the blood circulation within the body, because the high level of caffeine causes an increase within the rate of force per unit area, and this successively increases the guts rate and results in irregularity, so you must reduce the consumption of coffee throughout the day.

Anxiety and stress:

Studies have shown that excessive consumption of coffee results in exposure to severe anxiety and tension as a results of increased secretion of the hormone cortisol and adrenaline, which ends up in nervousness, tension and a sense of fatigue.

Gastrointestinal disorders:

Excess coffee intake ends up in digestive disorders, as caffeine helps irritate the intestines, which increases the symptoms of IBS and therefore the occurrence of diarrhea, and low includes a role in increasing stomach acidity and causing heartburn caused by GERD.

Damage to kidney health:

Excessive coffee intake affects the absorption of minerals within the body, especially iron, magnesium, calcium and zinc, causing damage to the health of the kidneys and not retaining these important minerals for his or her regular functioning, which can cause renal disorder.

Sleep disorders:

Drinking coffee during the night causes severe sleep disturbances caused by caffeine, which may be a strong stimulant.

That is why you ought to not drink coffee, especially during the night, to induce a quiet sleep.

dry skin:

Excessive coffee consumption causes an outsized diuresis, which affects the hydration of the body and loses lots of nutrients, and this successively affects the skin, causing it to suffer from many problems, including dehydration and therefore the occurrence of assorted pimples and pimples that appear on the skin.

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